Diamond Characteristics: Dynamics & Dimensions | ICKINGER
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Why tailored jewelers are better than commercial
February 26, 2019
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Purchasing your first diamond can be an overwhelming experience, especially when you stop to consider there’s so much more to it than picking out the right shape and size

What’s the meaning of all that diamond industry jargon? Were the stones mined responsibly?

In this article we will provide some clarity on the issue. Diamonds are mined in two ways—deep earth mining, and alluvial (river bed) mining. All too often in the case of informal mining, people (including children) are mistreated and the environment gutted.

Ethically sourced diamonds refer to responsible mining practices that do not exploit humans or the environment in any way.

The grading of your diamond is comprised of the 4 Cs:

cut, clarity, colour, and carat. This system was created by GIA (Gemological Institute of America), an independent organization accepted as the world’s diamond authority. Let’s take a closer look at these grades and what they mean.


The carat used to describe diamonds is a unit of weight, not size as is commonly believed. One carat amounts to 0.2 grams and the higher the carat weight of a diamond, the more expensive it will be. This is because it is extremely rare to find stones that produce 1 carat diamonds when finished—they tend to be much lighter.

Therefore when you’re dealing with larger stones in the industry, the cost of the diamond not only increases but also the price per carat. But the final price of a diamond doesn’t only rest on its carat weight. There are three other factors that plays an integral role: cut, clarity, and colour. This is how two diamonds of exactly the same carat weight can be priced very differently.


The most popular diamond cut is the round brilliant cut, and it’s earned its popularity with good reason—the specific cut of a round diamond maximizes its brilliance, giving it a unique colour and shine that isn’t achieved with other cuts. Other honourable mentions have to go to the princess, cushion, pear, and emerald cuts.

All markedly different and all uniquely designed to bring out certain aspects of the stone that appeals to varying tastes. The cut of a diamond impacts not only its shape, but also its appearance. An emerald cut diamond might therefore seem a lot larger than a round cut diamond of the same carat weight, with unique touches of colour and shine.

Colour and Clarity

Which brings us to the importance of colour and tone in a diamond. Not simply an aesthetic point, the colour of a diamond greatly impacts its overall value. The bottom line is rarity – the more rare a specific type of diamond, the more valuable it will be. Most diamonds come with a yellow or brown tone, and colourless diamonds are very scarce.

They are therefore rated much higher on the grading scale than stones with colour and will inflate the price of a stone that matches others in carat weight, cut, and clarity. The interdependent relationship between the 4 Cs and rarity is what underpins the value of a diamond, where every one of those Cs is just as important as the next.

At Ickinger we believe in quality and love in detail. This ethos drives our striving to only work with ethically sourced diamonds that embody the highest standard in carat, cut, clarity, and colour. We consider every single one of the elements that gives a single diamond its unique value, keeping with GIA certification in all of our designs.

Our success is measured by the high level of service and quality of product that we can provide our clients, and if you’re looking for hand-crafted diamond pieces that are custom-made by specialist jewelers who care, then please enquire with us about how we can make your diamond dreams become a reality.